Herbs


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A LIST OF MEDICINAL PLANTS AND BOTANICAL REMEDIES, IN COMMON USE, WITH THEIR MEDICINAL PROPERTIES.

NOTE: Abbreviations explained below herbs list 

Common Names

Botanical Names

Properties.

 

AGRIMONY

Agrimonia

eupatoria.

Ast. Ton. Diu.

Alt

Employed in fevers, jaundice,

coughs, and bowel complaints.

ALDER BARK,

Black

Prinos verticillatus.

Deo. Ast. Ton.

A-sep. Ver

Useful in fevers, agues, debility,

jaundice, dropsy, &c.

ALDER BERRIES,

Black

Prinos verticillatus.

Cath. Ver

Make a good medicine for worms

in children.

ALDER, Red or

Tag

Alnus Rubra.

Alt. Eme. Ast

The bark, tags, and leaves, are

used for diseases of the skin,

swellings, and strains. Bark and

leaves good in bowel complaints,

internal haemorrhage, and painful tumours.

ALKANET ROOT

Anchusa tinctoria.

Ast

Principally used for coloring

tinctures, oils, ointments, and

plasters.

ALUM BOOT, or

AMERICAN BANICLE

Heucheria

Americana.

Ast. A-sep. Det

An external remedy in

haemorrhage, sores, wounds, and

ulcers.

ANGELICA

LEAVES

Angel ica

atropurpurea.

Aro. Sti. Car.

Diu

The infusion makes a pleasant

tonic medicine.

ANGELICA ROOT

Angel ica

atropurpurea.

Aro. Sti. Car.

Diu

Excellent in wind colic, flatulent

complaints, and debility.

ANGELICA SEEDS

Angel ica

atropurpurea.

Aro. Sti. Car.

Diu

Used in flatulent colics – an

excellent carminative.

ANGUSTURA

BARK

Gal ipea officinalis.

Eme. Cat. Ton.

Feb

Efficacious in bilious diarrhoeas,

dysentery, and dyspepsia.

ANISE SEED

Pimpinella anisum.

Aro. Car. Pec.

Sti

Good in flatulent colic, and to

correct and flavor unpleasant

medicines.

APPLE TREE

BARK

pyrus malus.

Ast. Ton

Used in strengthening syrups, for

debility, &c.

ARCHANGEL

Lycopus europeus

.

Ast. Ton . Bals .

Feb

A popular remedy in fevers,

diarrhoea, bowel complaints, and

indigestion.

ARNICA

FLOWERS

Arnica montana.

Dia. Vul. Sti.

Diu

Recommended in low fevers,

intermittents, gout, dropsy, and

rheumatism. Tincture good for fresh

wounds.

ARNICA ROOT

Arnica montana.

Vul. Sti. Diu.

Dia

May be used in similar

complaints as the flowers.

ASH BARK,

Mountain

Sorbus americana.

Ast. Ton. Det

Useful in bilious complaints and

for cleansing the blood.

ASH BARK,

Prickly

Xanthoxylum

fraxineum.

Ton. Sti. Aro.

Alt

Used in fever and ague,

rheumatism, dyspepsia, &c.

ASH BERRIES,

Prickly

Xanthoxylum

fraxineum.

A-spa. Sti. Aro

Have the qualities of the bark in a

much greater degree, and are highly

esteemed.

ASH BARK,

WHITE

Fraxinus

acuminata.

Ast. Ton

Good in haemorrhage and agues

and for the rattlesnake’s bite.

ASPARAGUS

ROOT

Asparagus

officinalis.

Ape. Diu

Useful in diseases of the breast,

heart, kidneys, and bladder.

AVEN’S ROOT

Geum rivale.

Ton. Ast. Stom

Valuable in debility dyspepsia,

bleeding at the lungs, cholic, and

relax.

BACKACHE

BRAKE

Aspidium filix-

femina.

Ant. Pec. Dem.

Ver

Good in lumbago, and makes an

excellent syrup for coughs.

BALM, LEMON

Melissa officinalis.

Sto. Dia. Sud

The infusion is useful in

headaches, asthmas, and fevers.

BALM SWEET

Dracosephalum

canariensis.

A-spa. Aro. Sti.

Dia

This herb is employed in decays,

headaches, &c.

BALM OF GILEAD

Buds

Populus

balsamifera.

Sti. Ton. Diu.

Bal. Sto

The Tincture for debilitated

habits, and for fresh wounds.

BALMONY

Chelone glabra.

Cat. A-bil. Ton.

Ver

Given in fevers and jaundice, and

is a good vermifuge.

BARBARY BARK

Berberis vulgaris.

Lax. Ton. Ref.

Ast

Usually combined with other

tonics in putrid fevers and dysentery.

BASIL, SWEET

Ocymum

basilicum.

Aro. Sti

A remedy for excessive vomiting.

BASSWOOD

BARK

Tilia Americana.

Emo. Dis

Makes valuable poultices for

painful swellings.

BAYBERRY BARK

Myrica cerifera.

Sti. Ast

Principally given in compounds;

but the infusion is good in dysentery,

and all excessive evacuations.

BAYBERRY

LEAVES

Myrica cerifera

Aro. Ast. Sti

In infusion in flooding from the

womb, hysterical complaints, &c.

BEARBERRY

Arbutus uva ursi.

Diu. Dia. Ast.

Ton

Efficacious in ulcerations of the

kidneys and bladder.

BEECH BARK

Fagus ferriginea.

A-syp. Ast. Ton

The decoction is useful in

diabetes, and incontinence of urine.

BEECH LEAVES

Fagus ferriginea.

A-syp. Ast. Alt

In successful use for cutaneous

diseases, ulcers, and dyspepsia.

BELLWORT

Uvul aria

perfoliata.

Ton. Her. Dem

Useful in wounds and sores, and

for inflamed larynx and gums.

BETH ROOT

Trilum pendulum.

Ast. Ton. Pee.

A-sep

Beneficial for bloody urine,

spitting of blood, coughs and hectic

fever. Used as snuff, stops bleeding at

the nose.

BETONY, WOOD

Betonica

officinalis.

Ner. Ton. Dia.

Dis

The herb used for headache,

hysterics, and nervous affections.

BINDWEED

Convolvulus

panduratus.

Cath. Diu. Pee

Useful in cough, asthma, debility,

and dropsy.

BIRCH BARK,

Black

Betula Lenta.

Dia. Ton. Ast.

Sti

In decoction, restores strength

and tone to the bowels after

dysentery.

BIRD PEPPER

Capsicum

baccotum.

Sti. Car. Rub

Very serviceable in fevers,

cholera, palsy, dyspepsia, colds, &c.

BISTORT

Polygonum

Bistorta.

Ast

A powerful astringent.

BITTER ROOT

Apocynum

and rosoem ifolium.

Ton. Cath. Sud

Used in fevers, liver complaints,

rheumatism, and dropsy.

BITTERSWEET

Root, Bark

Celastrus

scandens.

A-bil. Dis. Diu

Beneficial in liver complaints,

rheumatism, scirrous, and dropsical

affections.

BITTERSWEET

BERRIES

Celastrus

Scandens.

Emo. Dis

Employed in making an ointment

for painful swellings, &c.

BITTERSWEET

TWIGS

Solanum

dulcamara.

Her. Diu. Alt.

Dis

Good for cutaneous diseases,

chronic rheumatism, and catarrh.

BLACKBERRY

ROOT

Rubus Villosus.

Ast. Ton

Much employed in diarrhoea,

cholera infantum, dysentery, &c.

BLACKBERRY

HERB

 

Ast. Ton

 

BLACK ROOT

Leptandria

virginica.

Cath. Deo. Ton

Invaluable as a cathartic in

violent bilious and typhus fevers.

BLAZING STAR

ROOT

Aletris farinosa.

Ton. Sto. Nar

Cures flatulent and hysteric colic,

fevers, and chronic rheumatism.

BLOOD ROOT

Sanguinaria

canadensis.

Eme. Dia. Deo.

Exp. Ton

Useful in pulmonary affections,

asthma, and diseases of the chest and

liver.

BLUE FLAG

Iris versicolor.

Diu. Eme. Cath.

Ver

Of great value in fevers –

properties well known.

BONESET

Euptorium

perfoliatum.

Sud. Eme. Ton

Good in colds, fevers, dyspepsia,

jaundice, and general debility.

BORAGE

Borago officinalis.

Sto. Dia

Used in catarrhal affections,

rheumatism, and diseases of the skin.

BOXWOOD BARK

Cornus florida.

Ton. Ast. Sti

In fevers, both intermittent and

others, nearly equal to Quinine.

BOXWOOD

FLOWERS

Cornus florida.

Ton. Ast. Sti

A good remedy for fluor albus,

dyspepsia, liver complaints, &c.

BROOKLIME

Veronica

beccabnga.

Dis. Alt. Diu

A purifier of the blood, and good

in scurvy, &c.

BROOM

Cyisus scoparius.

Eme. Cat. Dio

Beneficial in dropsy.

BUCHU LEAVES

Barosma crenata.

Sti. Diu. Dia

Much extolled for chronic

diseases of the bladder.

BUCK BEAN

Menyanthes

trifoliata.

Ton. Deo. Ant

The infusion useful in scurvy,

herpetic diseases, rheumatism, &c.

BUCKHORN

BRAKE

Osmunda regalis.

Ton. Muc. Dem.

Sty

Beneficial in coughs, diarrhoea,

soreness of the stomach and bowels.

BUCKTHORN

BERRIES

Rhamnms

catharticus.

Alt. Cath

Recommended in dropsy,

rheumatism, and gout.

BUGLE, BITTER

Lycopus europeus.

Bal. Ast. Ton.

Sty

A cure for diarrhoea, dysentery,

and the first stages of fever.

BUGLE SWEET

Lycopus virginicus.

Sed. Deo. Ton.

Ast

In more general use than above –

properties equivalent.

BURDOCK

LEAVES

Arctium lappa.

Feb. Sud

An excellent external application

for sprains, bruises, and gouty

affections.

BURDOCK ROOT

Arctium lappa.

Her. A-scor

In strong decoction for diseases of

the kidneys and obstructions.

BURDOCK SEEDS

Arctium lappa.

Diu. Car. Ton.

A good diuretic for inflammation

of kidneys, &e.

BUTTERNUT

Juglans cineria.

Cath. Ton

In cordial or extract, a good

BARK

   

aperient and a gentle cathartic for

worms

CANELLA BARK

Canella alba.

Aro. Ton. Sti

Generally combined with other

remedies in debilitated digestive

organs.

CANCER ROOT

PLANT

Epiphegus

vi rgini an a.

Ast. Ton

Valuable in cancers and

cancerous affections, dysentery, &c.

CANKER ROOT

Prenanthes alba.

Ast. Ton

Useful in diarrhoea, dysentery,

and derangement of the bowels.

CARAWAY SEED

Carum carui.

Ton. Car. Aro

A good ingredient in carminative

compounds.

CARDAMON

SEED

Elettaria

card amomum.

Car. Aro

Employed as a corrective of

purgative and tonic medicines.

CARDUS, Spotted

Centaurea

benedicta.

Ton. Feb. Dia.

Diu. Sto

Prescribed in fever and ague, and

for a Corrector of the bile.

CAROLINA PINK

Spigelia

maril and ica.

Ver. Sud

An efficient remedy for worms,

and affords relief in acute diseases.

CARROT ROOT.

Wild

Daucus Carota.

Sti. Diu. Emm

Decidedly useful in gravel,

diseases of the bladder, and

suppressed menses.

CARROT SEEDS,

Wild

Daucus Carota.

Diu. Deo

Given in stranguary, calculus,

lambrici, &c.

CASCARILLA

BARK

Croton Eleuteria.

Ton. Ast. Sti

Well known in fevers, tertians,

diarrhoea, &c.

CASSIA BARK

Laurus

cinamomum.

Ton. Aro. Ast.

Sti

Good for bowel complaints,

flatulency, nausea, and vomiting.

CASSIA BUDS

Laurus

Cinamomum.

Ton. Aro. Ast.

Sti

An excellent cordial and

restorative remedy.

CATNIP or

CATMINT

Nepeta cataria.

A-spa. Sto. Car.

Sud. Emm

For colds, suppressions, slight

febrile attacks &c.

CEDAR RED

Juniperis

virginiana.

Ver

In doses of 5 to 20 grs., highly

recommended for worms in children.

CEDAR BERRIES

Juniperis

virginiana.

Diu. Emm

Used in infusion and tincture, for

dropsy, suppressions, &c.

CELANDINE,

Garden

Chelidonium

majus.

Cat. Diu. Her.

Aer

Recommended in liver

complaints, tetter, jaundice, and

dropsy.

CELANDINE Wild

Imp atiens pallida.

Ape. A-bil. Sto.

Diu

Efficacious in jaundice and

bilious affections.

CENTAURY

Sabbatia

angularis.

Feb. Sto. Ten.

Emm

A popular remedy in dyspepsia,

fever and ague, and defective

digestion.

CHAMOMILE

FLOWERS

Anthemis nobilis.

Ton. Feb. Sud.

Eme

Given in dyspepsia, loss of

appetite, sudden colds, colics, &c.

CHAMOMILE Low

Anthemis nobilis.

Ton. Sto

A good stomachic bitter – nearly

equivalent to the above.

CHERRIES, Wild

Prunus Virginiana.

Ton. Sti. Sed

Improve the tone of the stomach

and promotes digestion.

CHERRY BARK,

Wild

Prunus Virginiana.

Ast. Ton. Sed

Taken in fevers, agues, dyspepsia,

jaundice and worms.

CHICKWEED

Stellaria media.

Emo. Ref. Dem

Makes a useful soothing

ointment.

CICELY, Sweet

Osmorrhiza

longistylis.

Car. Aro. Exp

Useful in coughs, and a good

carminative in flatulent complaints.

CLABY

Salvia sclarea.

A-spa. Sti. Sto

The herb used in whites,

hysterics, colic, &c.

CLEAVERS

Galium aparine.

Diu. Sud. Ref

Good in gravel, dropsy, fevers,

obstructions and eruptive complaints.

CLOVER HEADS,

Red

Trifolium pratense.

Pec. Acr

The syrup or extract is good for

cancerous affections and ulcerous

sores.

COCASH ROOT

Aster puniceus.

Sud. Sti. Sto.

Dia

A popular remedy in rheumatism,

headache and nervous debility.

CUCKOLD

Bid ens frondosa.

Ast. Diu. Cor.

Exp

Valuable in bowel complaints,

diabetes, dropsy, &c.

COHOSH, Black

Cimicifuga

racemosa.

Diu. Deo. Nar.

Ner

Celebrated in rheumatism,

dropsy, and hysteria.

COHOSH Blue

Caulophyllum

thalictroides.

A-spas. Sti.

Diu. Emm

Often prescribed in croups, colics,

cholera morbus and epilepsy.

COHOSH Red

Actaea rubra.

Deo. Ner. Emm

Cleansing and strengthening –

     

good in female obstructions.

COHOSH White

Actoea alba.

Car. Deo. Nar.

Emm

Good in colic, and has opening

and stimulating properties.

COLUMBO ROOT

Frasera

corolinensis.

Ton. Cath.

Emm

The powdered root is given in

nausea, diarrhoea, and dyspepsia.

COLTSFOOT

Tussilago farfara.

Exp. Pec. Dem.

Ton

Esteemed in coughs, asthma, and

consumption.

COMFREY

Symphitum

officinale.

Pec. Dem. Bal.

Ast

Valuable in dysentery, and

diseases of the bladder kidneys, and

bowels.

CONSUMPTION

BRAKE

Botrychium

fumaroides.

Sti. Ton. Ast

Useful in consumption,

diarrhoea, and cholera infantum.

COOLWORT

Mitella cordifolia.

Diu. Ton. Dia

In gravel, gonorrhoea, and

suppressed urine, – a valuable

remedy.

CORIANDER

SEEDS

Coriandrum

sativum.

Car. Sto

Employed in hysteries, tertian

agues, and carminative compounds.

COWHAGE

Mucana pruriens.

Ver

A powerful vermifuge – effectual

in expelling worms.

CRAMP BARK

Viburnum opulus.

A-spas

Highly extolled in cramps and

spasmodic affections.

CRANESBILL

Geranium

maculatum .

Sty. Att. Ton

A well established remedy for

diarrhoea, haemorrhage, and fluor

albus.

CRAWLEY

Corallorhiza

odontorhiza.

Dia. Bal. Sto.

Feb

Invaluable in fevers, pleurisy, and

flatulent diseases.

CUBEBS

Piper cubeba.

Exp. Aro. Car

Prescribed in gonorrhoea, and

similar complaints.

CURCUMA ROOT

Curcuma longa.

Din. Emm

Used in coloring tinctures, &e.,

and good in jaundice and dropsy.

DAISY FLOWERS

Leucanthemum

vulgare.

Diu. Vul. Ton

Good in asthma, consumption,

and dropsical complaints.

DANDELION

HERB

Taraxacum dens

leonis.

A-bil. Ast. Ton.

Diu

The decoction good in jaundice,

dyspepsia, etc.

DANDELION

ROOT

Taraxacum dens

leonis.

Deo. Diu. Ast.

Ton

 

DILL SEED

Anethum

graveolens.

Csr. Sto. Aro

Used in all flatulent diseases,

colics, etc.

DITTANY

Cunilla mariana.

Sti. Ton. Ner. A-

spa

A pleasant medicine for

headaches, colds, fevers, hysteries,

&c.

DOCK, Yellow

Rumex crispus.

Ton. Deo. Her

Highly estimated in diseases of

the skin and scrofulous disorders.

DOCK, Water

Rumex aquaticus.

Ast. Dia. Deo.

Her

Good in scurvy, cutaneous

eruptions and cancerous tumors.

ELECAMPANE

Inula helenium.

Exp. Ast. Sto

Relieves colics, colds and coughs,

dropsies and cutaneous diseases.

ELDER BARK

Sambucus

canadensis.

Diu. Dea. Sud

Used in obstinate glandular

obstructions and dropsy

ELDER FLOWERS

Sambucus

canadensis.

Alt. Sud. Her

The infusion is popular for

erysipelas, fevers, rheumatism, gout,

etc.

ELDER, DWARF

Aralia hispida.

Tou. Diu. Dem.

Alt

Useful in colics, flatulent diseases

and dropsy.

ELM BARK,

Slippery

Ulmus fulva.

Emo. Diu. Dem.

Ton

Universally used in urinary and

bowel complaints, scurvy and

inveterate eruptions – also as a diet in

fevers, and externally in poultices.

FEVERFEW

Pyrethrum

parthencum.

Ner. Sto. Emm.

Ver

Serviceable in hysteric

complaints, and to strengthen the

stomach.

FENNEL SEED

Foeniculum

vulgare.

Aro. Car. Sto

A good aromatic; used in bitters

and a variety of compounds.

FENUGREEK

SEED

Trigonella foenum

graecum.

Muc. Emo

Employed in cataplasms,

ointments, &c.

FERN, Male

Aspidium filix-

mas.

Ver. Ton. Ast

Considered a good remedy for the

tape worm.

FERN, Meadow

Myrica gale.

Pec. Ast. Aro

An excellent remedy for the piles.

FERN, Burrs

Myrica gale.

Sto. Ast

Good in asthma, bronchitis, &c.

FERN, Sweet

Comptonia

Feb. Sto. Ast

Valuable in diarrhoea, cholera

 

asplenifolia.

 

infantum and summer complaints.

FEVER BUSH,

Bark

Laurus benzoin.

Ton. Aro. Sti

Extensively used in intermittent

fevers.

FEVER BUSH,

Leaves

Laurus benzoin.

Aro. Sti

Reckoned good in inflammatory

fevers, – drink freely in decoction.

FEVER ROOT

Triosteum

perfoliatum.

Eme. Cath.

Ton. Diu

Useful in fevers, agues, pleuritis,

&c.

FIREWEED

Erechthtites

hieracifolius.

Vul. Ast. Pec.

Alt

Employed in haemorrhage,

wounds and diseases of the skin.

FIT ROOT

Monotrapa

uniflora.

Ner. A-spas

Given in epilepsy, and

convulsions of children.

FIVE FINGER

Potentilla

canadensis.

Ast. Exam. Ton

Beneficial in fevers, with night

sweats, and in allaying fluxes.

FLAX SEED

Linum

usitatissimum.

Dem. Emo

Employed in catarrh, dysentery,

stranguary and for cataplasms.

FLEABANE

Erigeron

canadense.

Ton. Ast. Diu.

Sty

The powder is a strong styptic –

the tea, cold, for internal bleeding.

FLOWER-DE-

LUCE

Iris sambucini.

Diu. Deo

One of the best remedies known

in venereal affections, &c.

FROSTWORT

Helianthemum

canadense.

Ast. Ton .A-scor

Of great value in scrofulous

affections, as a poultice and a tea

FUMITORY

Fumaria

officinalis.

Deo. Dia. Diu.

Ton

A tea drank freely, is good for

cutaneous eruptions.

GARGET

Phytolacca

decandra.

Deo. Cath. Alt.

Eme

Good in rheumatism, for

cleansing the blood, and discussing

tumours.

GARLICKS

Allium sativum.

Sti. Exp. Ton

Beneficial in feeble digestion,

chronic catarrh, asthma, coughs, &c.

GENTIAN

Gentiana lutea.

Ton. Sto. Ast

Dyspepsia, gout, hysterics, and

diarrhoea are benefited by its use.

GINGER, African

Zingiber officinalis.

Sti. Car. Sto

 

GINGER, Jamaica

Zingiber officinalis.

Sti. Car. Sto

Given in dyspepsia, flatulent

diseases, tonic compounds, &c., &c.

GOLDTHREAD

Coptis trifolia.

Sto. Ton. Ast

The powder or tincture restores

the appetite and strength.

GOLDEN ROD

Solidago odora.

Car. Aro. Diu.

Dia

This herb is good in debility,

colds, and gravelly complaints

GOLDEN SEAL

Hydrastus

canadensis.

Ton. A-bil. Sto

An excellent tonic and corrective

of bile and bilious habits.

GRAINS OF

PARADISE

Amomum grana-

paradisi.

Aro. Sti

Nearly equal to Cayenne as a

pure stimulant.

GRAVEL PLANT

Epigfoea repens.

Diu. Ast

Diuretic. Infuse an ounce in one

quart of boiling water. Drink freely.

GUAIACUM

CHIPS

Guaiacum

officinale.

Sti. Dia. Det

Strengthens the Stomach and

purges an impure state of the blood.

HARDHACK

LEAVES

Spircoea

tamentosa.

Ast. Ton

Cheeks diarrhoea, and is an

excellent outward application for

wounds.

HEAL-ALL

Prunella vulgaris.

 

Used in haemorrhage, diarrhoea,

and for sore throat.

HEART’S-EASE

Polygonum

persicaria.

Vul. Sud. A-sep

An excellent remedy for asthma,

and good in colds, fevers, &c.

HEMLOCK BARK

Pinus canadensis.

Ast. Ton

As an astringent and tonic,

generally used in compounds.

HEMLOCK

LEAVES

Pinus canadensis .

Dia. Alt. Sud

Good in inflammatory

rheumatism, to purify the blood and

to cause perspiration.

HOREHOUND

Marrubium

vulgare.

Sto. Pec. Deo.

Diu

Beneficial in asthma, coughs,

jaundice, and obstructions.

HOLLYOCK

FLOWERS

Althaea rosea.

Ast. Diu. Dem

Useful in various forms as a

demulcent.

HOPS

Humulus lupulus.

Ano. Ton. Aro.

Ner. Diu

Used in jaundice, indigestion, and

as a substitute for opium.

HORSEMINT

Monarda punctata.

Diu. Ton. Sti

Good in diseases of the urinary

passages, fevers, and pleurisy.

HORSERADISH

LEAVES

Cochlearia

armoracia.

Acr. Sti

Employed as draughts to produce

counter-irritation.

HORSERADISH

ROOT

Cochlearia

armoracia.

Aer. Sti. Diu.

Emm

In chronic rheumatism, asthma,

and debility, these are beneficial.

HYSSOP

Hyssopus

offcinalis.

Exp. Ceph. Aro.

Ton

Used in humoural asthma,

coughs, and disorders of the chest.

ICELAND MOSS

Cetraria islandica.

Dem. Ton. Nut

Undoubtedly a valuable medicine

in pulmonary complaints.

INDIAN HEMP,

Black

Apocynum

canabinum.

Eme. Cath.

Ton. Diu

Found beneficial in curing

rheumatism, dropsy, and asthmatic

cough.

INDIAN HEMP,

White

Asclepias

incarnata.

Ape. Diu. Alt.

Ver

Useful in suppression of urine,

costiveness, and worms.

INDIAN TURNIP

Arum trip hyllum.

Sti. Exp. Acr.

Nar

Valuable in coughs, colds,

cramps, and consumptive affections.

INDIGO, Wild

Baptisia tinctoria.

Sti. Exp. Acr.

Nar. A-sep

Excellent for foul, malignant, and

syphilitic ulcers and sores.

IPECACUANHA

AM.

Euphorbia

ipecacuana.

Eme. Cath.

Ton. Exp

Prescribed in dropsy, bilious

colic, and a variety of diseases.

IRISH MOSS

Chondrus Crispus.

Nut. Dem

Given in colds, coughs, and

pulmonary affections.

IVY, Ground

Nepeta Glechoma.

Dem. Sto. Ton.

Pec

The infusion is used in coughs,

and for internal ulcers.

JACOB’S LADDER

Smilax ped

pedunclaris.

Diu. Emm

The infusion is good as a diuretic,

and for stone in the bladder.

JALAP

Ipomoea jalapa..

Cath. Diu. A-bil

 

JOHNSWORT

Hypericum

perforatum.

Ast. Bal. Diu

Beneficial in diarrhoea,

obstruction of urine, and hysterical

complaints.

JUNIPER

BERRIES

Juniperis

communis.

Diu. Car. Sti

In infusion an excellent diuretic

drink for the dropsy.

KING’S CLOVER

Melilotus

officinalis.

Emo. Diu

Applied locally to swellings and

inflammations.

KNOT CRASS

Triticum repens.

Diu. Ner. Car

Severe cases of lockjaw and

spasms are cured by this article.

LABRADOR TEA

Ledum latifolium.

Ton. Diu. Bal.

Pec

The tea is useful in coughs and

eruptive affections.

LADYS SLIPPER

Cyripedium

pubescens.

Sed. Ner. Ano.

A-spas

Beneficial in all nervous diseases

and hysteric affections.

LARKSPUR HERB

Delphinium

consolida.

Eme. Nar. Acr.

Diu

The decoction is found useful in

dropsical affections.

LARKSPUR SEED

Delphinium

consolida.

Eme. Nar. Acr.

Diu

The tincture is given in

spasmodic asthma and dropsy.

LAUREL,

Mountain

Kalmia latifolia.

Poi Her. A-syph

Useful in scald head, syphilis,

and certain stages of fever.

LAVENDER

FLOWERS

Lavendula vera.

Car. Pec. Nar.

Ton

Administered in flatulence,

fainting, and nervous affections.

LEATHERWOOD

BARK

Dirca pal ustris.

Eme. Cath. Her.

Exp

Prescribed in cutaneous

eruptions.

LETTUCE, Garden

Lactuca sativa.

Nar. Diu. Ano

Good in chronic rheumatism,

colic, diarrhoea, and coughs.

LETTUCE, Wild

Lactuca elongata.

Diu. A-scor. Ner

Efficacious in dropsies of long

standing and herpetic affections.

LIFE-

EVERLASTING

Gnaphaleum

polycephalum.

Ast. Sto. Sud

Excellent in quinsy, weak lungs,

consumption, and fluor album

LIFE ROOT

Senecio aureues.

Diu. Feb. Aro.

Sto. Ton

A certain remedy for gravel pains

in the chest, and melancholy.

LILY, White Pond

Nymphae adorata.

Pec. Emo. Ast.

Ton. Vul

Employed in scrofulous tumours,

gleet, whites, &c.

LILY, Yellow Pond

Nuphar advena.

Pec. Emo. Ast.

Ton. F-com

Good in pectoral complaints, and

in treatment of scrofulus scores.

LINDEN

FLOWERS

Tilia europoea.

Sud. A-spas.

Ner. Dem

A tea is useful in headache,

epilepsy, and spasmodic cough.

LIQUORICE ROOT

Glycyrrhiza

glabra.

Dem. Exp. Lax

An excellent medicine in coughs,

hoarseness, asthma, &c.

LIVERWORT

Hepatica

Americana.

Ast. Dem. Pec.

Deo

Celebrated in bleeding at the

lungs, consumption coughs, and liver

complaints.

LOBELIA HERB

Lobelia inflata.

A-spas. Eme.

Dia. Exp

Qualities same as the seed, but

not so powerful.

LOBELIA SEED

Lobelia inflata.

A-spas. Eme.

Dia. Exp

In asthma, colics, spasms, and as

an emetic it is very valuable.

LOVAGE LEAVES

Ligusticum

Car. Sto. Emm

The infusion is employed as a

 

levisticum.

 

carminative and emmenagogue.

LOVAGE ROOT

Ligusticum

levisticum.

Dia. Car. Sto

Useful in hysterics, nervous

diseases, and in flatuleney.

LOVAGE SEED

Ligusticum

levisticum.

Dia. Car. Sto

An excellent ingredient in

carminative and stomachic

complaints.

LUNGWORT

Pu1monaria

0fficinalis.

Pec. Sto. Dem

May be used with benefit in

consumption, coughs and defluxion of

the lungs.

MAIDENHAIR

Adianthum

pedatum.

Exp. Car. Sto.

Ton. Ast

Much esteemed in coughs,

asthma, and disorders of the chest.

MALLOW, Low

Malva rotundifolia.

Dem. Pec. Diu

Often used in demotion for

dysentery and urinary complaints.

MALLOW, Marsh,

Leaves

Althaea officinalis.

Dem. Ast. Diu

Serviceable in asthma, dysentery

and affection of the kidneys.

MALLOW, Marsh,

Root

Althaea officinalis.

Emo. Dem. Ast.

Diu

Good in diseases of the kidneys,

attended with irritation and pain.

MAN ROOT

Convolvulus

panduratus.

Cath. Diu. Pec

Given in dropsical affections, for

consumptive coughs and asthma.

MANDRAKE

ROOT

Podophyllus

peltatum.

Deo. Em. Cath.

Nar

A substitute for mercury in

venereal, scrofulous, and all other

diseases.

MAPLE, Red or

soft

Acer rubrum.

Ton. Ast. Ant

The decoction taken freely makes

an excellent vermifuge.

MARIGOLD

FLOWERS

Calendula

officinalis.

Sto. Aro. Dia.

Sti

A domestic medicine for children,

and is used to keep out eruptions.

MARJORUM,

Sweet

Origanum

majorana.

Ton. Sto. Aro.

Emm

The infusion is used to hasten a

tardy eruption in measles, &c.

MARSH

ROSEMARY

Statice

Caroliniana.

Ast. A-sep

Beneficial in gleet, whites,

diarrhoea, canker, and sore throat.

MASTERWORT

Leaves

Heracleum

lanatum.

Ner. Car. Diu.

A-spas

Good in epilepsy, gastric and

flatulent diseases.

MASTERWORT

Root

Heracleum

lanatum.

Ner. Car. Diu

In flatulent disorders of the

bowels, in asthma and colds, very

useful.

MASTERWORT

Seed

Heracleum

lanatum.

Ner. Car. Diu

A good carminative in flatulent

complaints.

MAY WEED

Anthemis cotula.

Sud. Dia. Sto.

Emm. A-spas

Employed in fevers and colds to

produce perspiration

MEADOW SWEET

Spiraea

tomentosa.

Ton. A-sep.

Feb. Ast

An excellent tonic after fevers,

improving the appetite, &c.

MELILOT. King’s

Clover

Melilotus

officinalis.

Emo. Dis

Applied locally in swellings and

inflammations.

MEZEREON

Daphne

mezereum.

Nar. Dia. Sti.

Diu. Alt

Its principal use is in syphilis,

and in cutaneous diseases.

MILKWEED ROOT

Asclepias syriaca

cornuti.

Diu. Ano. Sud.

Alt

An effectual cure for dropsy, and

good in scrofulous and rheumatic

disorders.

MISLETOE

Viscum

verticillatum.

A-spas. Dem.

Ast. Nar. Ton

Efficacious in epilepsy, vertigo,

pleurisy, and dysentery.

MOTHERWORT

Leonorus card iaca.

Ner. Sto. Emm.

A spas

Used in low fevers, chronic

weakness, and nervous affections.

MOUNTAIN

DITTANY

Cunilla mariana.

Sti. Ton. Ner.

Sud

An agreeable remedy for

headaches, colds, and hysteric

affections.

MOUNTAIN FLAX

Polygala senega.

Cat. Sti. Exp.

Diu

Administered for the hives, croup,

fevers, and dropsy:

MOUNTAIN MINT

Pyenanthemum

montanum.

Emm. Sud. Sto.

Aro

Valuable in bringing down

obstructed menses, &c.

MOUSE EAR

Gnaphaleum

uglinosum.

Muc. Sud. Sto

A tea is good for colds, coughs,

and obstructions.

MUGWORT

Artemesia

vulgaris.

Deo. A-bil. Ner.

Emm

The infusion promotes

perspiration, urine, and the menses.

MULLEIN HERB

Verbascum

thapsus.

Diu. Ano. Dem.

Ast. A-spas

Recommended for children’s fits,

croup and asthma.

MUSTARD SEED,

Black

Sinapis nigra.

Diu. Rub. Sti.

Eme

Advantageously used in dropsies,

chronic rheumatism’s and palsy.

MUSTARD SEED,

White

Sinapis alba.

A-seor. Rub

A good remedy in dyspepsia, and

obstinate costiveness.

NANNY-BUSH,

Viburnum lentago.

Ape. Ton

A complete substitute for

Bark

   

Peruvian bark, and said to be

superior.

NETTLE Flowers

Urtica dioica.

Ton

Efficacious in febrile, and ague

complaints.

NETTLE, Root

Urtica dioica.

Diu. Ast. Ton

Useful in incipient stages of

consumption, and bloody urine.

NUTMEGS

Myristica fragrans.

Aro. Ast. Sto.

Nar

The powder good in violent

headaches, diarrhoea, and

dysenteries.

NUTGALLS

Quercus infectoria.

Ast

A good ingredient in astringent

ointments and gargles.

OAK BARK, Black

Quercus nigra.

Ast. Ton

Given in passive haemorrhage,

and obstinate chronic diarrhoea.

OAK BARK, Red

Quercus nigra.

Ast. Sti. Ton.

Equivalent to Black Oak, and

used for similar purposes.

OAK BARK, White

Quercus alba.

Ast. Ton. A-sep

Chiefly used as an outward

astringent, and antiseptic for putrid

sore throat, and offensive ulcers.

PARSLEY ROOT

Petroselinum

sativum.

Ape. Dem. Diu

Highly esteemed in nephritic and

dropsical affections.

PEACH BARK

Amygdalus

persica.

Cath. Ton. Sto

Said to be good in debility, and

fever and ague.

PENNYROYAL

Hedeoma

pulegoides.

Emm. Car. Sti.

Sto. Aro

A strong tea, good for the

suppression of urine obstructed

menses, and the gravel.

PEONY ROOT

Paeonia officinalis.

A-spas. Ton.

Ver. Ner

Given in epilepsy and various

nervous affections.

PEPPERMINT

Mentha piperita.

Sto. Sti. Sud

Administered in nervous

affections of the stomach, flatulence,

and to allay vomiting.

PERUVIAN BARK

Cinchona

officinalis.

Ton. Ast

Well known in fever and ague,

want of appetite, decay, &c.

PILEWORT

Amarantis

hypochondriacus.

Ast. Her

Celebrated in profuse

menstruation, bowel complaints, and

piles.

PLANTAIN

LEAVES

Plantago major.

Ref. Vol. A-sep.

Det. Diu

Remarkably efficacious in poisons

of all kinds, and salt rheum.

PLEURISY ROOT

Asclepius

tuberosa.

Dia. Sud. Aro.

Diu. Ton

Beneficial in pleurisy, colic, and

all flatulent disorders.

POKE ROOT

Phytolacca

decandra.

Deo. Cath, Alt.

Eme

Valuable in rheumatic

complaints, and for indolent tumours.

POLYPODY

Polypodium

vulgare.

Pec. Dem. Cath

Useful in consumptions, and for

expelling worms.

POMEGRANATE

Punica granatum.

Ast. Ton

Given in diarrhoea, and in

intermittent and hectic fevers.

POPLAR BARK

Populus

tremuloides.

Ton. Ast. Aro.

Feb

Excellent in diarrhoea, debility,

and digestive complaints.

QUASSIA

Simaruba excelsa.

Ton

Adapted to dyspeptic cases, and

to debilitated digestive organs.

QUEEN OF THE

MEADOW

Eupatorium

purpureum.

Din. Aro. Ton

Excellent in strangury, and all

dropsical affections.

QUEEN’S

DELIGHT

Stillingia sylvatica.

Cath. Alt. A-

syph

Valuable in yaws, ulcers, venereal

complaints, and leprosy.

RAGWEED

Ambrosia

artemissifolia.

Ver. Ton. Sti

Good for worms in children.

Recently much used.

RASPBERRY

LEAVES

Rubus strigosus.

Ast. Ton

A remedy for bowel complaints

and canker.

ROSEMARY

LEAVES

Rosmarinus

officinalis.

A-spas. Ast.

Ton. Emm

The flowers and leaves are good

in nervous and hysterical affections.

RUE

Ruta graveolens.

Ton. Diu. Sto

Employed in Epilepsy, hysterics,

hiccup, and as a stomachic.

SAFFRON

carthams

tinctorius.

Dia. Sto. Emm

Very valuable in all eruptive

diseases, measles, small pox, &c.

SAGE

Salvia officinalis.

Ton. Exp. Ast

Coughs, colds, night sweats,

worms, &c.

SARSAPARILA,

Am.

Aracia nudicaulis.

Alt. Dem. Deo

 

SARSAPARILA,

Spain

Smilax officinalis.

Alt. Dem. Deo

An excellent remedy in all

scrofulous, venereal, and eruptive

diseases.

SASSAFRAS

BARK

Laurus sassafras.

Sti. Ape. Ton.

Alt

Very good in rheumatic

complaints, and eruptive diseases.

SAUNDERS, Red

Pterocarpus

santalinus.

Dem. Mue. Ton.

Ast

Employed to impart colour to

various tinctures and compounds.

SCABIOUS, Sweet

Erigero

Phil ad elphicum.

Diu. Sud. Ton.

Emm

Purifies the blood.

SCULLCAP

Scutellaria

laterfolia.

Ton. Sud. Ner

Remarkably efficacious in St.

Vitus’ dance, convulsions and lockjaw.

SCURVY GRASS

Cochlearia

officinalis.

Sti. Ape. Diu

Celebrated in scurvy and chronic

obstructions of the viscera.

SENNA, Alex.

Cassia auctifolia.

 

A valuable cathartic, operating

mildly, yet effectually.

SENNA Am.

Cassia

maril and ica.

Cath. Deo

Qualities similar to the above, but

not so active.

SKUNK CABBAGE

ROOT

Symplocarpus

foetidus.

A-spas. Ner.

Aer

Good for bleeding at the lungs,

coughs, asthma, and obstructed

menses.

SMART WEED

Polygonum

hydropiper.

Sti. Aer

The tea stops vomiting, and the

fomentation is good to reduce

swellings.

LOVAGE

Ligusticum

levisticum.

Car. Sto

A good ingredient in carminative

and stomachic compounds.

SNAKEROOT,

Button

Liatris spicata.

Sti. Diu. Bal.

Emm

The tea valuable in colic,

backache, dropsy, &c.

SNAKEROOT,

Canada

Asaram

Canadense.

Her. Aro. Ner.

Sti

Advantageously used in measles,

and cutaneous affections.

SOLOMON’S SEAL

Convallaria

multiflora.

Ast. Dem. Bal.

Ton

Good in all cases of fluor albus

and female weakness.

SOLOMON’S

SEAL, Small

Convallaria

racemosa.

Dem. Ast. Exp

Boiled in milk, excellent for

irritable piles, and bowel diseases.

SORREL, Sheep

Rumex acetosella.

Ref. A-scor.

Ton. Diu

Serviceable in scurvy, scrofula,

and various affections of the skin.

SOUTHERNWOO

D

Artemisia

abtrotanum.

Sti. Ton. Ner.

Det. Ant

In powder to open obstructions of

the viscera.

SPEARMINT

Mentha viridis

Feb. Diu. A-eme

Allays nausea, and an excellent

remedy in gravel and suppressions.

SPIKENARD

Aralia racemosa.

Pec. Bal. Sto

Good in coughs, colds, and gout

in the stomach.

SPLEEN WORT

.Asplenium

adiantum nigrum.

Diu

Affords relief in gravel, and pain

in the urinary organs.

STONE ROOT

Collinsonia

canadensis.

Diu. Sto. Sti

Recommended in decoction for

the gravel.

STRAWBERRY

LEAVES

Fragaria

virginiana.

Ast. Feb. Ref

Employed in sore throat, swelled

gums, and bowel complaint.

SUMACH BARK

Rhus glabrum.

Ast. Ton

The decoction used in prolapsus

and falling of the womb.

SUMACH

BERRIES

Rhus glabrum.

Ast. Ref. Diu

In infusion a good gargle for sore

throat, and in putrid fevers.

SUMMER

SAVORY

Satureja hortensis.

Sto. Aro. Emm

The infusion is good in colds, and

slight febrile attacks.

SWEET FLAG

Acorus cal amiss.

Aro. Sto. Sti

Excellent in flatulence, colic, and

wind in the stomach.

TANSY, Double

Tanacetum

crispum.

Sud. Emm. Ver.

Sto

Makes a useful tea in fevers,

agues, hysterics, dropsy, &c.

TEA BERRY

PLANT, or

Checkerberry

Gaultheria

procumbens.

Diu. Sto. Emm

A domestic remedy in drowsy,

diarrhoea, and dysentery.

THYME

Thmus vulgaris.

Ton. Sto. Aro

Employed in baths, fomentation’s,

and as a condiment.

UNICORN ROOT

Helonias dioica.

Emm. Ton. Sto.

Diu

Beneficial in stomach complaints,

loss of appetite, &c.

WALNUT BARK,

White

Juglans cineira.

Cath. Ton

A good aperient, and a gentle

cathartic for worms.

WITCH-HAZLE,

Bark

Hamamellis

virginica.

Ton. Ast. Her

 

WITCH-HAZLE

LEAVES

Hamamellis

virginica.

Ton. Ast. Her

Useful in bowel complaints,

haemorrhage, and painful tumours.

WORMWOOD

Artemesia

absynthium.

Ton. Sti. A-bil

Promotes appetite, and digestion,

and is good in dyspepsia and

intermittents.



YARROW

Archillea millefolium.

Ast. Sto. Det

In decoction, it purifies the blood,

opens the pores, and removes

obstructions.

ABBREVIATIONS AND PROPERTIES EXPLAINED.

ACR .

Acrid, biting, caustic.

ALT

Alterative, changing the morbid action of the secretions.

ANO

Anodyne, quieting, easing pain.



ANTH

Anthelmintic, expelling or destroying worms.

A-BIL

Anti-bilious, correcting the bile, or bilious secretions.

A-

SCOR

Anti-scorbutic, useful in scurvy.

A-

SEP

Anti-septic, preventing mortification.

ANT

Anthelmintic, destroying worms.

A-

SPAS

Anti-spasmodic, relieving spasms.

A-

SYP

Anti-syphilitic.

APE

Aperient, opening.

ARO

Aromatic, agreeable, spicy.

AST

Astringent, contracting the fibres or solids.

BAL

Balsamic, mild, healing, stimulant.

CAR

Carminative, expelling wind.

CATH

Cathartic, purgative, cleansing the bowels.

CEPH

Cephalic, remedy for diseases of the head.

DEM

Demulcent, sheathing or lubricating.

DEO

Deobstruent, correcting the secretions, or removing obstructions.

DET

Detergent, cleansing wounds, etc.

DIA

Diaphoretic, producing insensible perspiration.

DIU

Diuretic, increasing the discharge of urine.

DIS

Discutient, dissolving, discussing.

EME

Emetic, causing vomiting.

EMO

Emollient, softening, causing warmth and moisture.

EMM

Emmenagogue, promoting menstruation.

EXP

Expectorant, producing discharge from the lungs.

FEB

Febrifuge, dispelling fever, allaying fever heat.

HER

Herpetic, curing diseases of the skin.

MUC

Mucilaginous, glutinous, lubricating.

NAR

Narcotic, stupifying, relieving pain, causing sleep.

NER

Nervine, strengthening the nerves.

PEC

Pectoral, useful in diseases of the lungs and chest.

REF

Refrigerant, cooling, mitigating heat.

RUB

Rubefacient, producing heat and redness of the- skin.

SEC

Secernent, separating substances in the body.

SED

Sedative, depressing the vital powers.

SIAL

Sialagogue, promoting a flow of saliva.

STI

Stimulant, exciting action, giving strength.

STO

Stomachic, to excite the action of, and strengthen the stomach.

STY

Styptic, stopping bleeding.

SUD

Sudorific, causing sweat.

TON

Tonic, permanently strengthening.

VER

Vermifuge, destroying worms.

VUL

Vulnerary, medicines which heal wounds.



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